Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common but serious condition that, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Fortunately, periodontal disease is both preventable and treatable.
Ronny Rasi, DDS, is committed to providing comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for patients with periodontal disease in Roseville, CA, ensuring they maintain excellent oral health and a beautiful, confident smile. Read below to learn more about periodontal disease and how our team can help!
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is an oral condition that affects the structures supporting the teeth, including the gums and the bone underneath. The condition progresses through three distinct stages: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.
- The earliest stage, gingivitis, is characterized by inflammation of the gums, often caused by the buildup of plaque. Symptoms can include red, swollen gums and bleeding during brushing or flossing. If detected early, gingivitis can be reversed with proper oral hygiene and professional dental cleanings.
- If untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. At this stage, harmful bacteria in plaque begin to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. Pockets form below the gum line where bacteria can accumulate, leading to further damage. Symptoms may include receding gums, bad breath, and loose or shifting teeth.
- The most severe stage is advanced periodontitis. This stage involves significant loss of bone and tissue, potentially leading to tooth loss. Immediate professional intervention is needed to manage this stage of periodontal disease.
How Is Periodontal Disease Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of periodontal disease involves a thorough dental exam, including measuring periodontal pockets with a special dental probe. A periodontal pocket is a space that forms along the gum line as a result of gum detachment from the teeth due to inflammation. These pockets are breeding grounds for bacteria.
The depth of these pockets is measured using a dental probe, a thin, flexible instrument marked with millimeter gradations. Healthy gums usually have pocket depths of between one and three millimeters. Deeper pockets, typically four millimeters or more, indicate gum disease.
Regular measurements can track the progression of the disease, helping to formulate the most effective treatment plan.
How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
The treatment for periodontal disease depends on the stage of the disease. In the early stages, regular professional cleanings can help to remove plaque and tartar buildup, preventing further inflammation and damage. For more advanced cases, a procedure called scaling and root planing may be recommended.
- This is a deep-cleaning procedure that involves removing tartar and bacteria from the tooth surfaces and from within the periodontal pockets, as well as smoothing the root surfaces to discourage further plaque and tartar buildup.
Laser treatment is another option. This less invasive method uses laser light to precisely target inflamed gum tissue and kill harmful bacteria below the gum line. This not only promotes healing but also reduces the size of the periodontal pockets.
Maintaining Gum Health
Maintaining gum health is crucial in preventing and managing periodontal disease. This involves daily oral hygiene practices, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antibacterial mouthwash. Regular dental checkups and cleanings are also important. A balanced diet and avoiding tobacco products can also contribute to better gum health.
Keeping Your Smile Healthy
At our practice, we firmly believe that everyone deserves to smile confidently, eat comfortably, and enjoy good oral health. We understand the fear and uncertainty that a diagnosis of periodontal disease can bring. That’s why our team is dedicated to offering compassionate care, effective treatments, and comprehensive guidance throughout your journey.
Overall, the battle against periodontal disease is not one you have to face alone. With your commitment to good oral hygiene and our professional expertise, we can work together to restore and preserve your smile. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment, and let’s fight gum disease together!